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Aura Science
Observations

2005 Observations

NASA Satellite Eyes Atmosphere to Improve Pollution and Climate Forecasting

NASA Satellite Eyes Atmosphere to Improve Pollution and Climate Forecasting

Thanks to the latest sophisticated, satellite-based instruments, local and regional air pollution and their sources can now be observed closely from space.

Eruption of Anatahan

Eruption of Anatahan

This image of the volcanic eruptions from Anatahan (Mariana Islands) shows sulfur dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere on April 7, 2005, over 30 hours after the eruption.

OMI Measurement of Nitrogen Dioxide

OMI Measurement of Nitrogen Dioxide

This image from Aura's OMI instrument shows the total column amount of nitrogen dioxide, a precursor to the formation of tropospheric ozone.

Destruction of Arctic Ozone this Winter

Destruction of Arctic Ozone this Winter

An unprecedended suite of simultaneous measurements by MLS allows more accurate quantification of ozone destruction in the 2004-2005 Arctic winter.

MLS detects SO2 and HCI injected into the stratosphere by New Guinea Manam volcano

MLS detects SO2 and HCI injected into the stratosphere by the 27 January 2005 New Guinea Manam volcano.

These images show MLS detection of enhanced SO2 and HCI in the lower stratosphere over New Guinea on January 28, following eruption of Manam volcano on January 27.

Sulfur Dioxide Plume From Manam Volcano

Sulfur Dioxide Plume From Manam Volcano

When the Manam volcano erupted explosively in the middle of the night on January 27, 2005, it sent a cloud of ash and sulfur dioxide over New Guinea.

In the News

Explosive Eruption of Anatahan Volcano
05.04.2005 - Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions from the eruption were measured by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA's EOS/Aura satellite from the Anatahan (Mariana Islands)

OMI Sees the Soot Within Smoke
4.13.2005 - Aura's Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) provided data for the color-coded images which focus only on aerosols (particles in the atmosphere) from the damage of fires in Alaska.

Arctic Air Helps Us Learn About Our Climate
02.18.2005 - Scientists head north to learn about air quality, ozone, and climate change predictions.

Sulfur Dioxide Plume From Manam Volcano
01.28.2005 - The Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) recorded the Manam volcano eruption on NASA's new Aura satellite.